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parent bdb84708
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---
title: Serbian Alphabet
categories:
- Basics
tags:
- Alphabet
---
# Basics | Alphabet
# Serbian Alphabet
## Soft vs Hard Consonants
......
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---
title: Basic Grammar
categories:
- Basics
tags:
- Grammar
---
# Basics | Grammar
......
-
# Basics | Phrases
---
title: Basic Phrases
categories:
- Basics
tags:
- Vocabulary
---
# Basics Phrases
## Basic Phrases
......
-
---
title: Basic Terms
categories:
- Basics
tags:
- Vocabulary
---
......
---
title: Week 1 | class 1
date: 10-03-2020
categories:
tags:
- Time
---
## Vocabulary
### Routines
| | | | |
| ----------------- | ------------------------------------------ | ---- | ---- |
| završavati *impf* | end, finish *sth* | | |
| doručkovati | have breakfast, breakfast | | |
| ručati | have lunch | | |
| večerati | have dinner (out), dine | | |
| gledati | 1. look, gaze *at sb/sth* – 2. watch *sth* | | |
| ići | go | | |
| čitati | read | | |
| spavati | sleep | | |
| tuširati se | shower (oneself) | | |
| krevet | bed | | |
| TeVe | TV. | | |
| buditi se | be wakeful, wake (up) | | |
| ići u krevet | go to bed | | |
### Family Members
| | | | |
| ------ | ------- | ---- | ---- |
| mama | mother | | |
| tata | dad | | |
| brat | brother | | |
| sestra | sister | | |
### Misc.
| | | | |
| ------------- | --------------------------------------------- | ---- | ---- |
| malo *adv* | little | | |
| ponoć ***f*** | midnight | | |
| onda *adv* | 1. afterwards, then (later) – 2. (back) then | | |
| dok *conj* | as long as (contrast), while (simultaneously) | | |
##Basic Verbs (recap)
### ‌Conjugation of “to be” in Serbian BITI
| Sing. | | Pl. | |
| ------------ | ---- | ------------- | ---- |
| ja | sam | mi | smo |
| ti | si | vi | ste |
| on, ona, ono | je | oni, one, ona | su |
### ‌Conjugation of “to have” in Serbian IMATI
| Sing. | | Pl. | |
| ------------ | ---- | ------------- | ----- |
| ja | imam | mi | imamo |
| ti | imaš | Vi | imate |
| on, ona, ono | ima | oni, one, ona | imaju |
## Koliko je sat? (What time is it?)
For the right half of the clock we use the format:
...... sat i ...... minut.
For the left half of the clock we use:
...... minut do ....... sat.
The ending of “**sat**” and “**minut**” in singular and plural format:
1 + sat / minut
2, 3, 4 + sat**a** / min*u*t**a** : emphasis on u [genitive singular]
5, … + sat**i** / minut***a*** : emphasis on a [genitive plural but it is an exceptional formation]
| | | | |
| ----------- | ------------- | ---- | ---- |
| jutro | morning | | |
| podne | noon / midday | | |
| posle podne | afternoon | | |
| pre podne | before noon | | |
| ponoć | midnight | | |
| tačno | exactly | | |
### Phrases
- Deset **u veče**. (10 in the evening.)
- …. **u jutro**. (in the morning).
- Jedan sat **posle podne** (1 o’clock in the afternoon).
Just for fun example:
- Devet u krevet. (At nine o’clock I go to bed).
## Practice
Kada … (when?)
- **Kada** ideš na čas? (When do you go to class?)
- Da li gledaš TeVe? (Do you watch TV?)
- Da li imaš pauzu i **kada**? (Do you have a break and when?)
- **Šta** radim **u sedam**? (What do you do at seven?)
- **Koliko dugo** spavaš? (How long do you sleep?)
## Answers for in-class practice worksheets
1. Ja budim se u sedam i dvadeset i tuširajem.
2. Ja doručkujem u dvadeset i pet do osam. Ja slušam radio dok doručkujem.
3. Ja doručkujem osam sati deset minuta.
4. časovi ….
5. Ručamo u školi u pola jedan.
6. Završavamo školu u pola čtiri i idemo kuči.
7. Radim domači zadatak od pola pet do šest.
8. Večeram u pola sedam <u>sa mojom mamom, i tatom, i mojom malom sestrom</u>, Becky. [instrumental case]
9. Gledam TeVe od sedam i petnaest do devet.
10. Idem u krevet ... . Čitatim dvadeset minuta onda spavam.
---
## Personal Practice
Source: https://www.crodict.com
### završavati
| | | | |
| ------------ | ------------- | ------------- | -------------- |
| ja | završav**am** | mi | završav**amo** |
| ti | završav**aš** | vi | završav**ate** |
| on, ono, ona | završav**a** | oni, one, one | završav**aju** |
### buditi se
| | | | |
| ------------ | ------------ | ------------- | ------------- |
| ja | bud**im** se | mi | bud**imo** se |
| ti | bud**iš **se | vi | bud**ite** se |
| on, ono, ona | bud**i **se | oni, ona, one | bud**e **se |
### ići
| | | | |
| ------------ | -------- | ------------- | --------- |
| ja | i**dem** | mi | i**demo** |
| ti | i**deš** | vi | i**dete** |
| on, ono, ona | i**de** | oni, ona, one | i**du** |
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# Mar 11, 2020
---
title: Week 1 | class 2
date: 11-03-2020
categories:
- Vocabulary
tags:
- Nations
- Time
- Colors
---
## Week Days!
......
-
---
title: Week 1 | class 3
date: 12-03-2020
categories:
tags:
---
## Vocab
### Verbs
- igrati (to play, to dance)
- želeti (to want)
- kupovoati (to buy)
- svirati (to play an instrument)
- pevati (to sing)
- večerati (to dine)
- slušati (to listen)
- koštati (to cost)
- učiti (to study)
### Adverb, Adj., etc.
Sada (now)
### Nouns
Učenik (student)
Profesor
dete (child) : deca (children)
more (see)
## Recap
......
-
---
title: Week 1 | class 4
date: 13-03-2020
categories:
- Vocabulary
tags:
- Nations
- Time
---
## In class
Izvinite, kako da dođem do *Kalemegdan**a***? (gen.)
......@@ -62,4 +72,70 @@ Stan je **iznad** restorana.
Restoran je **ispod** stana.
Idite **oko** stadiona, pa onda levo.
\ No newline at end of file
Idite **oko** stadiona, pa onda levo.
## For new students
### How to determine gender
**Masculine:** if the nouns ends in consonant
Grad.-
**Feminine:** if the nouns ends in "**a**"
ulic.a
**Neutral:** if the nouns end in "**o**" or "**e**"
vin.o
zanimanj.e
### Nominativ
### Lokativ
grad.**u**
.om
ulic.**i**
.oj
for feminene gender, when we have consonant k : c , g : z, h : s we have:
muzika > muzici
noga > nozi (leg)
epoha > eposi
vin.**u**
.om
### Akuzativ
Usage:
- when talking about moving to somewhere
| | | |
| -------- | ------ | ----- |
| Tanjir.- | ulic.u | vin.o |
| | | |
| Tanjir.e | ulic.e | vin.a |
| .e | .e | .a |
Feminine gender words that end in ".ska, .čka, .ška" are actually adjective and gets declinated like adjectives.
### Modi conjugation
| | | | |
| ---- | ----- | ---- | ------ |
| Ja | mogu | Mi | Možemo |
| Ti | Možeš | | možete |
| | Može | | mogu |
# Mar 10, 2020 – Answers for in-class practice worksheets
1. Ja budim se u sadem i dvadeset i tuširajem.
2. Ja dručkujem u dvadeset i pet do osam. Ja slušem radio doc dručkujem.
3. Ja dručkujem u sam sati deset minuta.
4. časovi ….
5. ručamo u školi u pola jedan.
6. završavamo školu u pola čtiri i idemo kuči.
7. radim domači zadatak od pola pet do šest.
8. večeram u pola sedam sa mojo mamom, i tatom, i mojom malom sestrom, Becky. (instrumental case)
9. Gledam TeVe od sedam i petnaest do devet.
10. Idem u krevet ….. Čitatim dvadeset minuta onda spavam.
# Mar 10, 2020 – Vocabulary
onda (then)
| završavati | to finish | | |
| ----------- | ------------ | ------ | ---- |
| doručkovati | to breakfast | | |
| ručati | to lunch | | |
| večerati | to dine | | |
| gladati | to watch | TeVe | TV. |
| ići | to go | krevet | bed |
| čitati | to read | | |
| spavati | to sleep | | |
| tuširati se | to shower | | |
| Sestra | sister | | |
| ------ | ------- | ---- | ---- |
| Mama | mom | | |
| Tata | dad | | |
| Brat | brother | | |
| | | | |
| malo | little | | |
| ---- | ------ | ---- | ---- |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| Ponoc | midnight | | |
| ----- | -------- | ---- | ---- |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
-
##‌ Basic Verbs (recap)
### ‌Conjugation of “to be” in Serbian BITI
| | | | |
| ------------ | ---- | ------------- | ---- |
| Ja | sam | Mi | smo |
| Ti | si | Vi | Ste |
| On, ona, ono | je | Oni, one, ona | su |
### ‌Conjugation of “to have” in Serbian IMATI
| Ja | imam | Mi | imamo |
| ------------ | ---- | ------------- | ----- |
| Ti | imaš | Vi | imate |
| On, ona, ono | ima | Oni, one, ona | imaju |
---
## Koliko je sat? (What time is it?)
For the right half of the clock we use the format:
...... sat i ...... minut.
For the left half of the clock we use:
...... minut do ....... sat.
The ending of “sat” and “minut” in singular and popular format:
1 sat / minut
2, 3, 4: sat**a** / min*u*t**a** - emphasis on u [genitive singular]
5, …: sat**i** / minut***a*** - emphasis on a [genitive plural but it is an exceptional formation]
| Podne | Noon / Midday | Jutro | Morning |
| ----------- | ------------- | ----- | ------- |
| Ponoć | Midnight | | |
| Posle Podne | Afternoon | | |
| Pre Podne | Before noon | | |
| tačno | exactly | | |
- Deset **u veče** (10 in the evening).
- …. **u jutro** (in the morning).
- Jedan sat **posle podne** (1 o’clock in the afternoon).
Just for fun example:
- Devet u krevet. (At nine o’clock I go to bed).
---
## Practice
Kada … (when?)
- Kada ideš na čas? (when do you go to class?)
- Da li gladaš TeVe? (do you watch TV?)
- Da li imaš pauzu i kada? (do you have a break and when?)
- Sta radim u sedam? (what do you do at seven?)
- Koliko dugo spavaš? (How long do you sleep)
---
aid:
| pre podne | before noon | | |
| ----------- | ----------- | ---- | ---- |
| posle podne | afternoon | | |
| ponoć | midnight | | |
-
# Mar 13, 2020 | Grammar
## For new students
### How to determine gender
**Masculine:** if the nouns ends in consonant
Grad.-
**Feminine:** if the nouns ends in "**a**"
ulic.a
**Neutral:** if the nouns end in "**o**" or "**e**"
vin.o
zanimanj.e
### Nominativ
### Lokativ
grad.**u**
.om
ulic.**i**
.oj
for feminene gender, when we have consonant k : c , g : z, h : s we have:
muzika > muzici
noga > nozi (leg)
epoha > eposi
vin.**u**
.om
### Akuzativ
Usage:
- when talking about moving to somewhere
| | | |
| -------- | ------ | ----- |
| Tanjir.- | ulic.u | vin.o |
| | | |
| Tanjir.e | ulic.e | vin.a |
| .e | .e | .a |
Feminine gender words that end in ".ska, .čka, .ška" are actually adjective and gets declinated like adjectives.
### Modi conjugation
| | | | |
| ---- | ----- | ---- | ------ |
| Ja | mogu | Mi | Možemo |
| Ti | Možeš | | možete |
| | Može | | mogu |
-
### Verbs
- igrati (to play, to dance)
- želeti (to want)
- kupovoati (to buy)
- svirati (to play an instrument)
- pevati (to sing)
- večerati (to dine)
- slušati (to listen)
- koštati (to cost)
- učiti (to study)
### Adverb, Adj., etc.
Sada (now)
### Nouns
Učenik (student)
Profesor
dete (child) : deca (children)
more (see)
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